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canaries bullying

Bullying in the Canaries

Canary Islands at the forefront of bullying in Spain.

At 10.2 percent, the archipelago exceeds the national average, which stands at 6.5 percent

Notice Diary

Students from the Canary Islands are the ones who suffer the most bullying in Spain, specifically, 10.2 percent, thus exceeding the national average of 6.5 percent, according to the Report of the Programme for the Comprehensive Assessment of Students (PISA) 2022 published this week by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and collected by Europa Press.

The PISA report involved 30,800 fifteen-year-old students in Spain in 966 schools and some 690,000 students in total.

The new PISA Report, prepared by the OECD every three years, specifies that the students who suffer the least bullying in Spain are those in La Rioja, where 4.1% report suffering it frequently, Castilla y León (4.2%) and the Community of Madrid (5%), while those who suffer the most bullying are those in the Canary Islands (10.2%), Catalonia (8.6%) and Galicia (8.5%). which are the only three autonomous communities that exceed the national average (6.5%).

As for the autonomous cities, 12.6% of students in Melilla consider that they are frequently bullied at school and 10.7% in Ceuta.

However, PISA 2022 indicates that all the autonomous communities show negative values of the index of exposure to bullying among fifteen-year-old students, with La Rioja (-0.55), Extremadura (-0.51), the Autonomous Community of Navarre (-0.50) and Castilla y León (-0.50) being the four communities with the lowest index of exposure to bullying. On the other hand, Melilla (-0.20), Catalonia (-0.21) and the Canary Islands (-0.21) are the autonomous communities and cities whose students are most exposed.

The report explains that bullying and harassment is a widespread problem, with serious consequences for the lives of students who experience it. Harassment is a specific type of aggressive behavior in which a person or group of people intentionally and repeatedly harms and makes another person uncomfortable.

Bullying, according to PISA, is characterized by a systematic abuse of power and an unequal power relationship between the harasser(s) and the victim. Bullying can be physical (hitting, punching and kicking), verbal (insults and mockery) and relational (spreading hoaxes and engaging in other forms of public humiliation and social exclusion).

With the widespread use of information and communication technologies (ICTs), the document warns that cyberbullying has become another type of bullying among students that takes place through digital devices and tools. On many occasions, all these forms of harassment occur simultaneously.


The countries with the lowest percentage of frequently bullied students are Korea (1.1%) and Japan (3.7%), below 5% of frequently bullied students, compared to those with the highest percentage of students in Cyprus (14.1%) and Australia (14.1%), above 14%.

Spain (6.5%) is among the countries with the lowest percentage of frequently bullied students, 1.8 percentage points below the OECD average (8.3%).

PISA 2022 states that boys tend to be involved in bullying situations more than girls. In addition, they are more physically violent, while girls tend to be more involved in relational aggression.

In most countries, boys are significantly more likely than girls to be classified as frequently bullied and to report being bullied, in general, at least a few times a month.

The study also highlights that being bullied is often associated with students' socioeconomic status. In most of the countries selected in this report, including Spain (-0.15), socioeconomically disadvantaged students are significantly more likely to suffer any type of bullying, generally speaking, than advantaged students.

Likewise, PISA warns that bullying between native-born and immigrant students raises "concern" among policymakers, as well as among all members of the educational community, "as it can have a strong impact, for example, on relations between immigrant and non-immigrant groups in adult life."

On average for OECD countries, students with an immigration background experience significantly more harassment than non-immigrants. In thirteen of the countries, including Spain (-0.18), students with an immigrant background are significantly more exposed to bullying than native-born students.

However, in the United States, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom (0.15), Costa Rica (0.10) and New Zealand (0.09) it is native-born students who experience significantly more bullying than those with an immigration background.
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